c. 1870, Stereoview of Native American Indian Chief, Mis-Identified as Cheyenne Chief “Dull Knife,” identified to photographer Hamilton & Hoyt, Very Fine.Photographers Hamilton & Hoyt owned a studio in Sioux City, Iowa. They took photographs of the 1872 Sioux delegation, which was also portrayed by Alexander Gardner when they were in Washington D.C. This rare Stereoview clearly shows a Silver United States Indian Peace Medal being decoratively and proudly worn by a Native American Indian Chief. The portrait on the medal is indistinct for identification yet a Presidential Silver Peace Medal. The turquoise color view card measures about 7” x 3.5”. Image of a decorated Native American Indian chief. Period ink handwritten identification on the blank reverse reads; "Dull Knife - Head Chief of the Cheyennes and who was so successfully whipped by Gen. McKenzie at 'Crazy Womans Fork' Nov. 15, 1876". A small printed period paper identification tag is adhered to the lower right reverse reading, "Mrs. Martha B. Montgomery - No. 16". Possibly, she was the original owner/collector. According to a knowledgeable collector, it has been advised that the old identification is incorrect on the reverse, and this is not Dull Knife. Rather, it is an unidentified Indian Chief appears to be from the Iowa or Ioway tribe and is a view by "Hamilton & Hoyt". Minor light soiling, scuffs and edge wear. A painted portrait White Cloud, Chief of the Iowa wearing his Indian Peace Medal, by George Catlin (1845), is displayed at the National Gallery of Art.
The Iowa or Ioway, known as the Báxoje in their own language, are a Native American Siouan people. Today, they are enrolled in either of two Federally recognized tribes, the Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma, and the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska. The Iowa, Missouria, and Otoe tribes were all once part of the Ho-Chunk people.