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1818 Broadside Massachusetts "BATTALION ORDERS"
September 1, 1818-Dated Post War of 1812, Massachusetts Militia Broadside Headed "Battalion Orders," Choice Very Fine.
This original Broadside measures 18.5" x 14" being Signed in type at bottom right, by Joseph E. Smith, Major, Commanding Battalion of Artillery, 3rd Brigade, 1st Division M.M. (MA. Militia). The original 3rd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, existed 1775-1840. The 3d Regt. Mass. Vol. Mil., later became known as the "Minute Men," when reactivated during the Civil War period. A choice example printed in black on clean white period wove paper with some light tone on the outermost margin edges. It reads, in part: "In order to conform the Evolutions of the ARTILLERY to those prescribed for the Infantry in the Brigade Order of the 10th ult. before transmitted, so far as the nature of the different corps will permit, the Major of the Battalion of Artillery deems it proper to prescribe the following Evolutions to be executed, with others, by the Artillery at the ensuing Review...". Following this heading are 31 different maneuvers, with specific instructions for each. An early Federal Period military document.
Letter From John Adams to Massachusetts Militia, Dated October 11th, 1798:

To the Officers of the first Brigade of the third Division of the Militia of Massachusetts

Quincy -- October 11. 1798

Gentlemen -

I have received from Major General Hull and Brigadier General Walker your unanimous Address from Lexington, animated with a martial Spirit and expressed with a military Dignity, becoming your Characters and the memorable Plains, in which it was adopted.

While our Country remains untainted with the Principles and manners, which are now producing desolation in so many Parts of the World: while the continues Sincere and incapable of insidious and impious Policy: We shall have the Strongest Reason to rejoice in the local destination assigned Us by Providence. But should the People of America, once become capable of that deep simulation towards one another and towards foreign nations, which assumes the Language of Justice and moderation while it is practicing Iniquity and Extravagance; and displays in the most captivating manner the charming Pictures of Candour frankness & sincerity while it is rioting in rapine and Insolence: this Country will be the most miserable Habitation in the World. Because We have no Government armed with Power capable of contending with human Passions unbridled by morality and Religion.

Avarice, Ambition, Revenge or Galantry, would break the strongest Cords of our Constitution as a Whale goes through a Net. Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious People. It is wholly inadequate to the government of any other

An Address so unanimous and firm from the officers commanding two thousand Eight hundred Men, consisting of such substantial Citizens as are able and willing at their own Expence, compleatly to arm, And cloath themselves in handsome Uniforms does honor to that Division of the Militia which has done so much honor to their Country. Oaths, in this Country, are as yet universally considered as Sacred Obligations. That which you have taken and so solemnly repeated on that venerable Spot is an ample Pledge of your sincerity, and devotion to your Country and its Government.

(Signed) John Adams (President in 1825)
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