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Ex: Library of Doctor Benjamin Rush with His Ownership Notation - Set of Three Volumes: "An Historical, Critical, Geographical, Chronological, and Etymological Dictionary of the Holy Bible"
Dr. BENJAMIN RUSH (1746-1813). Signer of the Declaration of Independence from Pennsylvania. c. 1732, First English Language Edition, Rare Complete 3-Volume Set of Books titled: "An Historical, Critical, Geographical, Chronological, and Etymological Dictionary of the Holy Bible," from the Library of Benjamin Rush (1746-1813), Signer of the Declaration of Independence from Pennsylvania as a gift of the noted Reverend Dr. Francis Allison (1705"1779), translated from the French Edition of 1722-1728, Very Fine.
This 3-Volume, Complete Set of Books is from the Library of Doctor Benjamin Rush, Signer of the Declaration of Independence from Pennsylvania. Each Volume bearing his Manuscript Ownership Notation as personal ownership identification inside the front cover of each of the Three Volumes. Folio size, measuring 15.75" x 10" (40 x 25.5 cm), each with matching period full original calf boards. This historical set of books of the Holy Bible and early Religious History was presented to Benjamin Rush by the noted Reverend Dr. Francis Allison (1705"1779) who was a leading minister in the Synod of Philadelphia during The Old Side-New Side Controversy, his gift is dated July 10th, 1779. Benjamin Rush and the Reverend Francis Allison were among Pennsylvania's prominent and outspoken Abolitionists, though both actually owned Slaves during most of their public careers.

The title page of each volume also bears an ink stamp reading, "Benjamin Rush, May 1813." As Benjamin Rush died in April of 1813, this may be the stamp of his son Benjamin, or perhaps from the distribution of the doctor's estate. The bindings are worn, the original front cover of Volume 1 is intact yet detached; some expected foxing within; several plates with tears with a few having old repair; internally pleasing.Each of the Three Volumes with pagination, and textually complete. Technically: [8], x, 802, *803-*808, 803-917; [2], 779, [1]; [2], 352, *353-*382, 353-740 pages. There are several errors in the 162 Engraved Plates, 65 of which are Engraved Folding Plates.

This is the First English Language Edition, having been translated from the French edition of 1722-1728. This set is particularly notable for its many wonderful Engraved Plates, including: Maps of the Holy Land, Plans of Jerusalem, Architectural Plans of the Temple, Renderings of the Tower of Babel, depictions of Hebrew Religious Accouterments, etc.
Doctor Benjamin Rush (January 4, 1746 " April 19, 1813), was a Signer of the Declaration of Independence and a Civic Leader in Philadelphia, where he was a physician, politician, social reformer, humanitarian, and educator as well as the founder of Dickinson College. Rush attended the Continental Congress and Signed the Declaration of Independence.

His later self-description there was: "He aimed right." He served as Surgeon General of the Continental Army and became a professor of chemistry, medical theory, and clinical practice at the University of Pennsylvania.

Rush was a leader of the American Enlightenment and an enthusiastic supporter of the American Revolution. In the famous Painting titled, "The Death of General Mercer at the Battle of Princeton, January 3, 1777" by artist John Trumbull, Dr. Benjamin Rush and General George Washington are depicted entering from the background, with Captain William Leslie, shown on the right, mortally wounded.

Rush was a leader in Pennsylvania's Ratification of the Constitution in 1788. He was prominent in many reforms, especially in the areas of medicine and education. He opposed slavery, advocated free public schools, and sought improved education for women and a more enlightened penal system.

As a leading physician, Rush had a major impact on the emerging medical profession. As an Enlightenment intellectual, he was committed to organizing all medical knowledge around explanatory theories, rather than rely on empirical methods. Rush argued that illness was the result of imbalances in the body's physical system and was caused by malfunctions in the brain. His approach prepared the way for later medical research, but Rush himself undertook none of it. He promoted public health by advocating clean environment and stressing the importance of personal and military hygiene. His study of mental disorder made him one of the founders of American psychiatry.

Francis Alison (1705"1779) was a leading minister in the Synod of Philadelphia during The Old Side-New Side Controversy. The Old Side"New Side Controversy occurred within the Presbyterian Church in Colonial America and was part of the wider theological controversy surrounding the First Great Awakening. The Old and New Side Presbyterians existed as separate churches from 1741 until 1758. The name of Old Side"New Side is usually meant as specifically referring to the Presbyterian Church. When one is referring to the debate as a whole, Old and New Light is usually used.

Alison always stood out as a great intellect and was frequently employed as a teacher both within and without the church. The parents of John Dickinson of Delaware, who would grow up to write the Farmer's Letters, hired Alison to tutor their children. His teaching grew from there by adding pupils and he ran an academy at Thunder Hill, near the village of New London, Pennsylvania. According to his letters to Ezra Stiles, President of Yale, he started this school about 1743. His teaching position at this school was funded by the Synod. He was allowed an assistant. Alison left the New London school in 1752 in order to run a grammar school in Philadelphia and at the behest of Benjamin Franklin aid with the College of Philadelphia. He was the vice-provost in 1755.

Unhappy with the growing influence of the Church of England at the College, he would later return to Delaware to run the Newark Academy, which eventually merged with New Ark College to become the University of Delaware. The University of Glasgow made him a Doctor of Divinity in 1756.

Alison is best known for his work in the church. His work led to the founding of the first Widows Fund in the church. He was known as the best Latin scholar in America. He taught many people who would go on to productive careers in the church. Foremost among them are Dr. John Ewing, Dr. James Latta, and Matthew Wilson. What is often overlooked is his influence on the founding of America.

Three of the Signers of the United States Declaration of Independence studied under Alison: Governor Thomas McKean, George Read, and James Smith. Charles Thomson who served as Secretary of the Continental Congress also was a pupil of Alison. Alison was in England when news of the signing of the Declaration of Independence arrived in England. He was far too old to participate, but all knew his sympathies lie with freedom. Upon his death, he Freed his Slaves.

The Presbyterian Historical Society in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania has a collection of Francis Alison's papers including sermons from 1752-1774, undated writings and documents relating to the Alison Family.
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