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This Auction is Now OPEN for Bidding
Closing LIVE ONLINE: SATURDAY • December 16th • Starting at 9:00 AM Pacific Time
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Lot Number: 123
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Estimate Range: $1,000 - $1,500
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This Lot is CLOSED for Absentee Bidding.
Twenty-Five Document British Garrison at Gibraltar Archive Dating From 1793 through the War of 1812 Era

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1793-1815 Federal to War of 1812 Era, Extensive Archive Including Twenty-Five Official Bills and Receipts of the British Military Garrison at Gibraltar, all Choice Very Fine to Extremely Fine.

This extensive Archive contains 25 Manuscript & Partially Printed Documents that are completed in Manuscript, all being from the strategic British Garrison at Gibraltar! This archive includes an exquisite assortment of official pay orders, memos, receipts, account ledgers, and requests for supplies to, “Lords Commissioners of His Majesty’s Treasury” and to the Pay-master. These historically important financial records range in various sizes measuring from 8” x 3” to as large as 16” x 12.5”. These Documents are extremely clean and well written on fine-laid paper with official British watermarks. They detail how money was received and spent at the Gibralter garrison.

There are some partially-printed documents headed: “His Excellency Lieutenant General Colin Campbell, Lieutenant Governor, Commanding his Majesty’s Forces in Gibraltar.” All are regarding authorization of monies under his command, and other documents Signed by Robert Boyd, Governor of Gibraltar, Lt. General William Dalyrmple, and others. Beyond some trivial normal tone and light folds, all of these documents are in superior quality. This archive contains multiple original military financial transactions which reveal quite a bit about conditions facing the British soldiers at Gibraltar, stationed there Post-American Revolution, up through the War of 1812 period. (25 items).
Gibraltar had been taken by British Admiral Rooke in 1704 during the war of the Spanish Succession and the Spaniards had since made three attempts to retake it by force. It was during the war of American Independence, when France and Spain made an all-out attempt to recapture the Rock from the British in Gibraltar's 14th Siege, recorded as the Great Siege, which lasted from July 1779 to February 1783.

The Governor, General Elliot (later called Baron Heathfield of Gibraltar) is said to have offered a reward to anyone who could tell him how to get guns onto a projection from the precipitous northern face of the Rock known as the 'Notch'. Sergeant Major Ince, a member of the Company of Soldier Artificers, forerunners of the Royal Engineers, suggested that this could be done by tunnelling through the Rock. Permission was granted, and work began on May 25th, 1782, and was completed in 1783, with a tunnel 370 feet (113m) long with four guns mounted in it.

If the Corps of Royal Engineers had not been formed in Gibraltar, there would possibly have been no tunnels excavated.
Lot Number: 123
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Estimate Range: $1,000 - $1,500
Early American
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